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Immigration to austria : austria immigration laws and permanent residence permit austria

Immigrating to Denmark, securing residency, and becoming a Danish citizen can be accomplished in a variety of ways, all of which will be addressed in depth in this article. Applicants for Danish immigration often ask, "What are the conditions for immigrating to Denmark?" What are the current guidelines for obtaining a Danish residency permit, and what is the best way to immigrate to Denmark? Follow this article to learn not only the answers to these questions, but also all the relevant details about the various ways to immigrate to Denmark.

Immigration to austria , austria immigration laws and permanent residence permit austria


Topics covered in this article:
  1. Migration of nurses in Denmark
  2. Immigrating to Denmark through study
  3. Immigrating to Denmark through work
  4. Immigrating to Denmark through investment and company registration
  5. Immigrating to Denmark by child’s birth
  6. Immigrating to Denmark through marriage
  7. Immigrating to Denmark through asylum
  8. Immigration to Denmark and Danish citizenship laws

1- Migration of nurses in Denmark

Nurses are a unique category with unique immigration requirements to Denmark. In most countries, you must be given a position in order to obtain a work permit; however, an Iranian nurse must equal his or her university degree in order to work abroad; hence, nurses cannot accept a job offer or residency directly.

Most countries do not grant equivalence visas to nurses, but Denmark is one of the few countries that does. The visa requirements for this group of citizens have been simplified due to Denmark's need for nurses. Nurses will get a visa to take a Danish language course and receive their degree, and after studying the language, they can work in Denmark by passing an equivalence exam.

2- Immigrating to Denmark through study

For children aged 7 to 16, education is free and compulsory in Denmark (primary and secondary school). The content of the training is the same for all students until the seventh grade. Students can, however, be enrolled in advanced math, English, German, physics, and chemistry classes in eighth to tenth grade. It is not required to study in tenth grade. After ninth grade, students have the choice of dropping out. The tenth grade is designed to prepare students for life after school and to provide them with the skills they would need to pursue higher education.

Denmark has world-class colleges, a simple student exchange scheme, and over 600 undergraduate, graduate, and PhD programs in English in fields like engineering, life sciences, and social sciences. In the same way, the advanced education system and high security make it one of the best study destinations for foreign students. The standard of higher education in Denmark is good, and the degree you earn from a Danish university is recognised around the world, so studying in Denmark ensures your professional future.

The Danish educational system emphasizes creativity, innovation, analytical, and critical thinking, as well as the use of eminent professors from prestigious universities around the world and the ability for students to obtain additional job experience and experience while studying.

Most international students studying in Danish universities are happy that they choose this country for their studies, citing a variety of reasons for their happiness, including the quality and high level of education, as well as the existence of a student job market. Following graduation, the high degree of culture among the Danish citizens, the reverence and cordial treatment of foreigners, and the supremacy of English among the majority of the population.

Citizens of Denmark, as well as citizens of the Scandinavian countries of Northern Europe (Norway, Finland, Sweden, and Iceland), citizens of EU member states, and citizens of Switzerland, will study for free in Denmark. The annual tuition fee in Denmark for citizens of other countries ranges from 6,000 to 16,000 euros (45,000 to 120,000 DKK in Denmark) depending on the area, amount, and location of research. People from other countries would also be entitled to free education if they meet the following criteria:

  • People who live in Denmark on a permanent basis.
  • Individuals who can make the transition from a temporary to a permanent home.
  • Children of non-European parents who have been granted a residency permit in Denmark by their parents.
In Denmark, completing your PhD would take a total of 20 years. Bachelor's degrees range in duration from 3 years (for non-technical fields and research-based fields) to 4.5 years (for technical fields), 2 years for master's degrees, and 3 years for doctorates.

Citizens from countries outside the European Union and the Nordic countries of Northern Europe (the Nordic zone includes Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden, and Iceland) must apply for citizenship in Denmark. Before applying to study in Denmark, these individuals must first be accepted by a university or other educational institution. Acceptance in the initial evaluation of abilities and acceptance of the applicant's documentation to enter and pay tuition for the first semester is one of the requirements for admission to these training centers, in addition to obtaining the minimum level of language available to study at that educational institution.

Those interested in studying in Denmark should contact MIE Consulting Institute (Malekpour Law Firm) to learn more about the institute's services and terms for gaining academic admission to Danish universities.

In general, if you study at any of the three levels below, you will be able to live in Denmark:

  • STUDY IN HIGHER EDUCATION COURSES
Bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees are available in Denmark's higher education system. Anyone over the age of 18 who meets the Danish Ministry of Higher Education's criteria for admission to a university or higher education institution is eligible to apply. The following requirements must be met in order to receive a research residence permit:

  • Provide a letter of acceptance from a university or other higher education institution.
  • To obtain higher education, you must have a minimum level of language proficiency.
  • During the study period, include living expenses. You should be able to afford approximately € 1,000 per month in Denmark.
  • Fees for the first semester of study at a university or other institution of higher learning (it should be noted that people outside the EU who have to pay tuition will usually receive a final university admission after paying the first semester tuition).

Spouses and children under the age of 18 who apply to study at a university or higher education institution in Denmark may also obtain a residence permit. In this scenario, the claimant must demonstrate that he can support his dependents financially. The cost of living for each dependent is 6015 DKK per month, and the student must demonstrate that he or she will cover the living expenses of his or her dependent for 12 months of the year (72180 DKK for each dependent per year).

Students enrolled in higher education would be permitted to work 20 hours a week. Students will be able to work full time during the university vacation months of June, July, and August. Dependents who apply to study at a university or higher education institution in Denmark will be able to work full-time in Denmark without a work visa.

Students who work more than the required number of hours per week (20) risk having their residence permit revoked or receiving an immediate warning. If a student receives an alert, he or she does not receive another one for two years, or the student's stay and dependents will be cancelled.

During their studies, fellow students are unable to apply for residency in Denmark on their own.

Students must be actively studying during their stay. As a result, colleges and higher education institutions must enroll students who have dropped out of school. Such students' housing will be terminated.

Peps will extend students' stay in Denmark for six months after they finish their studies so that they can find work. If you find jobs, you must apply for a work-based residency permit.

Non-Danish students are eligible to apply for scholarships and funds in Denmark. The following are some of the designs that have been identified for this purpose and are used by students.

Citizens of Scandinavian (Nordic) and Baltic countries are qualified to participate in the Nordplus project. Citizens of these countries have the choice of finishing their higher education in one of the Nordic countries.

Erasmus Project: This program helps students from the European and Swiss economic sectors to pursue higher education in Denmark at universities and higher education institutions. This research will last between three months and a maximum of twelve months.

Erasmus Mundus Design: Only some master's degree programs are eligible for this scholarship. Non-European students are also eligible for the grant, in addition to European students.

Fulbright: The project is aimed at American students interested in studying in Denmark.

State Cultural Agreements Scholarship: This scholarship is given to students who want to learn topics related to Danish culture and language. Only students from China, Egypt, Israel, South Korea, Japan, and Russia are eligible for long-term scholarships to study culture and architecture in Denmark, as well as the climate. A total of 34 European countries will receive short-term (summer) scholarships to study Danish in addition to these.

Non-European Student State Scholarship: Each year, non-European higher education institutions grant a small number of state scholarships to qualifying non-European students. The following are the requirements for applying for this scholarship:
  • A national of a country other than the European Union, the European Economic Area, or Switzerland is needed.
  • The applicant must be enrolled full-time in a Danish higher education institution.
  • For the period of the examination, the applicant must have resided in Denmark.

The applicant is not entitled to use this scholarship if one of the following conditions occurs:
  • I'm waiting for the Institute of Higher Art Education to admit me.
  • (B) Be able to exercise Danish citizenship legally.
  • (C) According to Article 9 of the Danish Foreign Citizens' Law, an individual with non-Danish parents has a permanent admission period.
  • (D) A student who is eligible to receive state financial assistance under Danish law.

The scholarship may only cover all or part of the university tuition fees in certain cases. Scholarships can cover living expenses in addition to tuition fees in some cases. The university's admissions unit or higher education institution will help determine which of these benefits an individual is eligible for.

  • EDUCATION IN HIGH SCHOOL
Non-Danish students may apply for residency in order to finish their secondary education. Denmark will be given a limit of 12 months to finish high school. Applicants must be fluent in one of the following languages: Danish, English, German, Danish, or Norwegian.

In addition to providing paperwork for the preparation/rental of housing, the applicant must also have a bank account with ample balance, demonstrating that he will be able to pay his living expenses for the year. The cost of living in Denmark is 6,015 DKK per month, so if the study duration is 12 months, the applicant must demonstrate that he or she can afford to pay 72,180 DKK in living expenses.

During the completion of secondary education, people under the age of 18 should be referred to as guardians. Applicants will also be unable to operate in Denmark, and their family members will be unable to accompany them.

  • PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS
Denmark citizenship will be given continuously or non-continuously to study in public high schools and pre-university courses for a period of 18 months. Applicants must be fluent in one of the following languages: Danish, English, German, Danish, or Norwegian. In addition to paying the course fee, the applicant must submit documentation demonstrating that they will be able to afford their living expenses during their stay. Applicants will not be permitted to work in Denmark, and their families will not be permitted to accompany them.

3- Immigrating to Denmark through work

In order to work in Denmark, citizens from countries outside the European Union and the Scandinavian countries of Northern Europe (Nordic area) must apply for a residency permit and a work visa. If you obtain a work visa, you will be permitted to remain with your family. The willingness of the applicant to obtain a work visa is the most important factor. To attract labor, various methods and schemes have been described, which are listed below.

Denmark had previously had a ranking system known as the Danish Green Card. You can obtain a residence permit in Denmark if you receive the necessary points in this scheme. However, since the Danish green card has been withdrawn, this is no longer necessary.

You must be able to obtain a job offer from a Danish employer in order to work in Denmark. After the job has been advertised in Denmark and the European Union and no one has applied for it, the employer will invite you. It is obvious that receiving a job offer from outside the EU would be difficult, so students who are qualified to study in Denmark normally enter on a study visa and work in the country after graduation. Other European countries, such as Denmark.

For job seekers in a foreign country, keeping an eye on the unemployment rate is important. Denmark's unemployment rate in 2019 was 4.8 percent, indicating a healthy labor market and plenty of work opportunities. In the chart below, you can see the pattern of changes in this rate over the last few years.

4- Immigrating to Denmark through investment and company registration

Denmark is one of the best European countries for investing and starting a company, according to the World Bank. Denmark is ranked third out of 189 countries in the world for starting a company and investing, according to the same survey. In this region, the corporate tax rate is 22%.

Having the requisite infrastructure, professional and trained personnel, comprehensive knowledge of English (more than 80% of Danes are fluent in English), advanced and up-to-date rules and regulations in compliance with European standards for industry, transportation, and Effective Quotes, Denmark is home to some of the world's best and largest maritime transport companies. E-Commerce Simplicity In such a way that even electronic company registration can be done quickly and conveniently. The presence of agencies and headquarters of some of the world's largest corporations in Denmark, as well as their electronic and needless presence in Denmark, Denmark has a very low rate of corruption, making it the country with the lowest level of corruption and the highest level of economic transparency.

Flexible working hours for companies in this country so that they can attract labor 365 days a year and 24 hours a day without any restrictions on the ceiling of overtime and a limit to start earning, high quality of life and investment protection, flexible working hours for companies in this country so that they can attract labor 365 days a year and 24 hours a day without any restrictions on the ceiling of overtime and a limit to start earning And there is no job for businesses in this area if they do not pay fines. Denmark is one of the best countries in the world to start a company and invest due to the lack of burdensome regulations when it comes to reforming or dismissing employees, as well as the prospect of three-month trial recruitment.

In general, online and paper registration are both options for forming a business in Denmark. Companies with a Danish registration must appoint an auditor and file annual financial performance reports. It would not be appropriate to hire an auditor or send audited reports if the following conditions are met:

  • The balance sheet has a value of 4,000,000 DKK in Denmark.
  • 8,000,000 DKK is the net financial turnover.
  • During the fiscal year, 12 full-time employees were employed on average.

It is important to note that registering a business alone will not grant you a residence permit in Denmark. You must provide the Danish government with a solid business plan that demonstrates how it can benefit Danish citizens' jobs and the economy. As a result, familiarity with the Danish business environment is critical. In general, the following types of businesses may be registered in Denmark:

  • SE COMPANY - GENERAL JOINT STOCK COMPANY
The company must have a minimum capital of 120,000 euros in order to be registered. This business must be established in accordance with EU law. The Danish Business Organization must be contacted if the company has an official address in Denmark. The position and nationality of the organization can be moved from Denmark to other European countries.

  • EEIG - EUROPEAN ECONOMIC INTEREST GROUP
Individuals or businesses from various European countries join forces to start a business in the European Union. The company must be licensed in Denmark if it has an official address in Denmark. It is possible to register such businesses in Denmark without having to put up any money up front. There is no need to prepare separate financial statements in these companies because each member will pay the applicable tax in compliance with his country's laws and in proportion to his share of the partnership.

  • IVS - LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY
IVS, a new concept for limited liability corporations, was launched in 2014. A Danish DKK is the minimum capital needed to register such businesses. These companies are typically formed with the intention of starting a small business in Denmark while limiting the amount of initial capital needed. If raising capital to start a company is not feasible, operating capital is normally obtained through a loan.

  • JV stands for JOINT VENTURE.
Companies (legal entities) of various nationalities usually apply for membership and business registration in order to carry out such activities in Denmark. Companies that participate in this way file as A/S or ApS companies.

  • PRIVATE JOINT STOCK COMPANY
The terms of A/S and ApS businesses are outlined above.

  • BUSINESS LICENSE - PERSONAL BUSINESS ENTITY
Small businesses in Denmark may apply for a business license if they are mainly run by one person. The minimum capital needed to register a company is not required in this process. Other business registration methods, such as Limited Liability or Joint Venture, may be used if additional persons are required to participate. In any case, both partners (or sole proprietors) must register with the local business office in order to conduct business, such as real estate, sales, industry, or construction.

5- Immigrating to Denmark as a result of the birth of a child

There are two schemes for gaining residency and citizenship in countries: soil (Jus soli) and blood (Jus sanguinis). Citizenship is granted to children born in countries that obey the right of soil. Just a few countries in the world have this system; Canada, the United States, and Brazil are the most important countries that practice the right of soil. Citizenship is granted on the basis of parental citizenship in the right of blood, which means that regardless of where a child is born, he or she will inherit the citizenship of his or her parents.

In certain countries, there is no distinction between mother and father, and if each parent has citizenship in that country, the child is also granted citizenship; however, citizenship is only transferred through the father in countries like Iran and some Arab countries. In other words, if the child's father is an Iranian citizen, the child is also an Iranian citizen; however, if the child's mother is an Iranian citizen, the child does not obtain Iranian citizenship.

Countries normally adopt one of these two schemes, but in rare situations, another; for example, in countries that follow the right of blood, if the child's parents are unknown, the child will become a citizen of that country if born on its territory. Citizenship by birth in Denmark is based on the right of blood, which means that a child must be born to a Danish parent to qualify for citizenship by birth.

6- Immigrating to Denmark through marriage

Marrying a Danish individual or a Danish resident is one of the simplest ways to become a Danish citizen. It should be noted, however, that as a result of the abuses perpetrated in this manner, very strict laws have been enacted in this region. As a result, only those who have a marriage visa to prove their true intentions will now immigrate to Denmark.

The issuance of a passport to a foreign partner after many years of living together is one of the laws that prohibits any violation of a marriage visa today. There are strict rules in Denmark as well, and if you want to marry a Danish citizen, you must demonstrate that your marriage is founded on love and understanding, and that your intention is not to remain in Denmark through a formal marriage. If the marriage is found to be legitimate, the foreign couple will be granted temporary residency in Denmark, with the option to apply for Danish citizenship after two years of marriage and living in Denmark.

7- Immigrating to Denmark through asylum

MIE Consulting Institute (Malekpour Law Firm) does not provide asylum services and does not support this approach. In the refugee camps, there are numerous life, financial, and psychological threats, and many people resort to lying to find safety. As a result, we advise you to use one of the methods mentioned above to immigrate to Denmark.

Regardless of whether a foreigner (non-national) is legally or unlawfully present in Denmark, any foreigner (non-national) has the right to apply for asylum in Denmark. A refugee, according to paragraph 1 of Section 7 of the Convention on Human Rights, is a person who has been abroad for reasons of race, faith, nationality, or ethnicity, participation in certain associations, or political beliefs, and fears being persecuted or punished if returned to their home country.

A refugee has the right to temporary residency in the country where he or she has applied for asylum for at least one year and up to three years, according to paragraph 2 of Section 7 of the Convention. It should be remembered that the refugee is not permitted to bring his family members into the country whilst the asylum application is being processed, except under exceptional circumstances where the asylum procedure will take longer than three years, during which the refugee will be able to apply for a dependent visa.

The Danish Police Department or the Sandholm Residence Center must receive an asylum application. The appropriate officer at the Sandholm Police Department or Residence Center takes fingerprints and photographs, records the applicant's description in the personnel information system, and directs the refugee to a camp in Denmark with the applicant's direct presence and the submission of a written order. The applicant's file will be processed at the Immigration Office after they have submitted their application.

The Danish Immigration Service will first determine whether the applicant's asylum request falls under Denmark's jurisdiction under Dublin law, or whether the case should be heard by another member state. The Dublin Act is a treaty between European Union members and the countries of Denmark, Norway, Switzerland, Iceland, and Liechtenstein. Just one member state will be responsible for processing an asylum application under Dublin law. As a result, if an individual has already applied for asylum in another country and the application process in that country is still pending, the person will be unable to apply for asylum in Denmark.

As a result, the asylum process will proceed to the second phase if the first step is to ensure that the applicant's case will be considered in Denmark, or if the asylum seeker's relocation to another safe country outside the EU is not practicable. The applicant is normally accommodated in one of the immigrant accommodation centers during the second stage of the application.

If the asylum request is granted, the Danish Immigration Service will link the asylum seeker with one of the local municipalities. If the asylum application is denied by the Migration Board, the request will be automatically appealed to the Board of Appeals. The Immigration Service should have followed standard practice in rejecting the asylum application and reviewing the conditions set out in it to ensure that the asylum application was denied for good reason. In addition, the Immigration Department is required to inform the claimant in writing if their asylum application is denied.

The Board of Appeals, like the Court, is an autonomous body. Asylum proposals are reviewed by the board using standard formats. The asylum seeker's reasons for seeking asylum (asylum case) will be verbally considered at this point, and the asylum seeker will be able to choose his own lawyer. Otherwise, the Board of Appeals has the authority to appoint a replacement counsel for the asylum seeker. The Board of Appeals' ruling is final. If the asylum seeker's application is ultimately denied after all of the necessary processes have been completed, he or she must leave Denmark within 15 days.

If the asylum seeker does not leave Denmark within this time frame, he or she will be removed from Denmark with a police escort and will be barred from entering Denmark or any EU country for at least two years. Regardless of this limitation, if the individual is re-entered and detained in the EU during the time of deprivation, he or she will be prohibited from returning for a period of five years.

Individuals can be granted temporary residency permits by the Danish Immigration Service for humanitarian and human rights purposes.

On a case-by-case basis, an asylum application that does not meet the conditions for asylum will be rejected. In such cases, the Danish Immigration Service will inform the Danish Immigration Council, and the asylum applicant's case will be considered entirely inadmissible and will not be appealed following their acceptance without the applicant's referral to the Board of Appeal.

The asylum seeker's case will be heard by the Board of Appeals in the form of an oral argument.

The board is made up of five members, each of whom has a vote. The board will be chaired by one of the members, and the procedure will be identical to that of the appellate courts. The Board of Appeals will vote on the balance of the members' votes. The Ministry of Justice will appoint one member of the Board of Appeals, and the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs / Immigration will nominate another member of the Board of Foreign Affairs, who will be a representative of the relevant organization.

The claimant must leave Denmark if the board accepts the Danish Immigration Service's refusal to grant asylum. If the Board of Appeals overturns the Danish Migration Board's ruling, the claimant will be given asylum and a residency permit.

Asylum seekers are normally housed in refugee detention centers that are specifically designed for them. In certain circumstances, however, an asylum seeker will be able to live outside of a refugee camp. If a refugee can afford to pay for his or her own housing, the likelihood of staying outside of the designated refugee centers may be considered.

The Migration Board will cover all of an asylum seeker's living expenses. If an asylum seeker marries a legal Danish citizen, the asylum seeker's partner is responsible for paying for all asylum applications. An asylum seeker over the age of 18 will receive the following assistance from the Immigration Service.

Early and ongoing living costs, furniture, and food (if the person lives outside the refugee camp)

  • Medical and health-care programs
  • Education for children
  • Asylum seekers' education
  • Providing accommodation for asylum seekers in detention centers (Refugee Camp)

After 6 months of applying for asylum, an asylum seeker over the age of 18 may apply to the Danish Migration Board for a job based on his or her level of competence and skills before the final asylum application is processed. In this situation, the Immigration Office is required to investigate the Danish labor market and find a full-time or part-time job for the applicant, which it must provide in accordance with the applicant's skills.

Asylum seekers are unable to open a company in Denmark on their own or apply for work directly with employers. In this situation, the asylum seeker faces a fine as well as the possibility of a year in jail. Employers who enter into work contracts with asylum seekers without the permission of the RASA Immigration Service face a fine and, in some cases, a term of up to two years in prison. As a result, asylum seekers must go through the Migration Board to find work.

In collaboration with the Danish Migration Board, all children under the age of 18 who are required to attend school will be educated in Danish schools. Asylum seekers over the age of 17 must also attend Danish language classes and cultural orientations arranged by the Denmark Migration Board or organizations affiliated with the Denmark Migration Board.

Other courses provided by the Immigration Service to develop general and technical skills are available to applicants, although they are not required to take them. These courses have been designed for this reason, so that if the asylum application is accepted, the applicant will have the requisite training to engage in the community.

8-Immigration to Denmark and Danish citizenship laws

Any of the above approaches can be used to gain citizenship and a Danish passport. You must have resided in Denmark for a certain number of years and apply for permanent residency in Denmark at the time of application to become a Danish citizen. As a result, you must first create permanent residency in Denmark before applying for citizenship. If you have lived in Denmark for 9 years in a row, you will apply for citizenship in most cases. After eight years, refugees can apply for asylum.

If a person marries a Danish citizen or lives in Denmark before reaching legal age and attends school there, the time it takes to acquire citizenship will be reduced. You cannot qualify for citizenship if you have a criminal record or an outstanding public debt that has expired. You must demonstrate that you have the financial means to cover your living costs and that you have not earned any government assistance in the previous year. In most cases, dual citizenship is not permitted in Denmark, with the exception of such circumstances, such as marrying a Danish citizen or being born with dual citizenship. As a result, anyone who do not meet these requirements must have their previous citizenship revoked.
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